#PlantsMakePeopleHappy, Behind The Scenes, How-to

Plant-Themed Halloween Costumes

October 19, 2016

With Halloween two weeks away – we’ve rounded up our favorite plant-themed and budget-friendly costumes from around the web.

1. DIY Cactus Costume – via Studio DIY!

Cactus Costume by Studio DIY

Cactus Costume by Studio DIY

All you need is a green dress, some yarn, and a glue gun. And if it’s a bit chilly on Halloween day – simply add green leggings, or swap the dress for a hoodie and sweatpants! We’re also a fan of Studio DIY’s Pineapple Costume.

2. Houseplant Halloween Costume – via Oh Happy Day

Houseplant Costume by Oh Happy Day

Houseplant Costume by Oh Happy Day

We can’t promise you’ll look as cute as this kid, but we still think it’s a killer costume. Bonus points that it won’t show how much Halloween candy you’ve ate. Visit Oh Happy Day here for step-by-step instructions.

3. Cacti Couple Costume – via Brit + Co

Cacti Couple by Brit + Co

Cacti Couple by Brit + Co

Another take on the cactus costume (optional title II: “a couple of pricks”). If you don’t have green bottoms laying around, opt for brown khakis instead and be a cactus potted in a terra cotta!

4. Flower Pot Costume – via Buzzfeed

Flower Pot Costume found on Buzzfeed

Flower Pot Costume found on Buzzfeed

Although we couldn’t find the original tutorial for this costume, it’s definitely DIY-able with a quick trip to Home Depot and your local craft store. You could even skip the silk flowers altogether and go just as a pot. We recommend going with a plastic planter – much easier to cut the bottom out of and walk around all day in…


Behind The Scenes, Plant Care, Plant History

Pumpkin Spice Season

October 11, 2016

It’s officially Pumpkin Spice season! Which makes us curious, if not Starbucks, where did pumpkin spice come from? And what about it makes it so popular? To begin, we have to go back a few thousand years… (pre-Starbucks, that is.

view from above: latte and succulent

view from above: latte and succulent

Pumpkins are within the plant family Cucurbitaceae, and are related to cucumbers, squash, watermelons, cantaloupes, and gourds. The species, Cucurbita pepo, produces the pumpkin. The pumpkin itself is botanically a fruit – not a vegetable – as it comes from a flower, and has seeds. Being native to the New World, pumpkins were first domesticated in Central America about 7,500 years ago. These pumpkins were small, hard, and bitter – dramatically different from the pumpkins of today. They were grown primarily for their flesh, rather than their seeds.

Cucurbita pepo is a vining annual, able to be planted in most parts of the United States after the danger of last frost passes. It will take the whole season to produce pumpkins. It has been a vital part of the Native American planting tradition called “three sisters” – where gourds (pumpkins), corn, and beans are planted together. The corn provides a trellis for the beans, which provide the nitrogen for the corn to use, and the gourds cover the base of the bean and corn plants, and the surrounding area, suppressing any weeds that might try to grow. 

pumpkins galore

pumpkins galore

Like many plants that were domesticated, the wild ancestor of today’s bright orange pumpkin was small and came in different colors. Through selective breeding, the largest and most orange colored ones, and least-bitter ones, were chosen, consumed, and regrown.

After French explorer Jacques Cartier explored the St. Lawrence region of North America, he reported finding “gros melons.” The name was translated into English as “pompions,” which has since evolved into the modern “pumpkin.” When the European settlers came to America, the native peoples shared with them the pumpkin as a food.  Spices were added to the pumpkins to make them more palatable.

today's traditional pumpkins

today’s traditional pumpkins

Pumpkin spice is actually a spice for pumpkins. In-fact, pumpkin spice contains no pumpkin at all! It is made up of cinnamon, ginger, nutmeg, allspice, and cloves. Merely a flavoring for pumpkin, the spice was marketed in the 1930s as “pumpkin pie spice” by popular spice and seasoning companies like McCormick. It was eventually shortened to simply “pumpkin spice”.  

So does your pumpkin spice latte actually contain any pumpkin? A little pumpkin puree, maybe.


#PlantsMakePeopleHappy, Behind The Scenes, Interview, Plant Care

Meet the CSU Horticultural Club

October 6, 2016

Like a spelling bee, but for plants. 

We first came across CSU Horticulture Club on Instagram. A student-run organization within the Agricultural Sciences College at at Colorado State University in Fort Collins, Colorado dating back to the 1920s – the undergraduate CSU Horticultural Club funds their organization by growing plants in the University’s campus greenhouses and selling them to the student body.

CSU Horticulture Club

CSU Horticulture Club

With the money the group raises, they travel to farms, orchards, vineyards, processing facilities, nurseries, botanical gardens, and national competitions to gain a further understanding of the agricultural industry as a whole. “Our executive officers work together to create a club environment that strives to provide opportunities that encourage professional development and success in plant sciences,” explains Melissa Schreiner, the club’s social media officer and MACHS member.

horticultural guru Dr. Jim Klett

horticultural guru Dr. Jim Klett

Their faculty advisor, Dr. Jim Klett, is a horticultural guru and has been running the campus’s annual trial gardens for the last 30 something years. Dr. Klett also runs the MACHS Plant ID team – where selected students in the horticulture club compete in several categories of plant sciences. The Mid American Collegiate Horticultural Society (MACHS) is a competition and conference that tests students in woody and herbaceous plant identification, plant judging, and their general knowledge of plant sciences! This 4-day conference is an opportunity for students to interact with peers, horticulturists, and plant scientists – all while touring the chosen university.

The Living Rainbow trial garden

The Living Rainbow trial garden

This year’s MACHS competition starts tomorrow at Northwest Missouri State University. Eight students from CSU, the only school in the state of Colorado with qualifying members (and a top ranking horticultural program), will be attending to represent the state of Colorado in plant sciences and plant identification. These students have spent an entire year studying and preparing with Dr. Jim Klett for this competition! “The CSU MACHS team has some of the most passionate plant loving people I have ever met in life,” remarks Schreiner.

In the field

In the field

We were able to get inside scope as to what’s on the team’s plant wish list – see below – and we’ll be sharing their competition scores (along with rooting for them) these next few days. Join us by following their trip on their Instagram feed here – or checking back here on The Plant Hunter next week.

CSU Horticulture Club

CSU Horticulture Club

CSU Horticultural Club’s Favorite Plants: Rhytidocaulon ciliatum, Euphorbia supressa, Hawthorias, Tillandsias, Hippeastrum ‘Red Lion’, Drakaea glyptodon, Amaryllis, Bromeliads, Rhus typhina, Hoya, Euphorbia turbiniformis, Ephorbia horwoodii, Jewel Orchids, Hawthoria, Tillandsia, Optunia, Tricrytis, Lepanthes teliopogoniflora, Plumeria, Consolea, and obviously many more

CSU Horticultural Club’s Favorite Colorado Natives: Populus tremuliodies, Pedicularis groenlandica, Castilleja chromosa, Aquilegia coerulea and elegantula, Anemone patens, Dodecatheon pulchellum, and the edible Rubus idaeus var strigosus

P.S. Great news! 

The CSU team won second place at MACHS! Even more amazing, one of CSU’s own MACHS members, Jackson Burkholder, took home first place overall as an individual out of a total of 44 participating students. All of Burkholder’s team members placed in the top half of those 44, too.

A big congratulations to the CSU Horticultural Club! 


#PlantPorn, #PlantsMakePeopleHappy, Behind The Scenes, Houseplant Tastemakers, Interview, Plant Care

Tastemakers: Darryl Cheng

October 3, 2016

Our team has been a huge fan of the Instagram feed @houseplantjournal since we can remember, so we’re thrilled to finally feature the man behind the feed, Toronto-based Darryl Cheng, in this edition of our Tastemakers series

Meet Darryl Cheng


Darryl and a Monstera deliciosa

Who is Darryl Cheng? 
By day, I’m a business analyst for a tech company. In general, my job is to understand client requirements before delivering a product. By nights/weekends, I spend time with my fiancee; take care of my plants; play music (piano, vocal, guitar – I’m the music director at my church); play sports with my brother/friends; play with my niece.

What’s your ideal ‘happy place’?
A garden nursery of tropical plants.

Darryl plant hunting

Darryl plant hunting

What’s your favorite thing about living in Toronto?
Definitely the variety of neighborhoods. I work in the bustling downtown area but live in a peaceful, yet accessible suburb.

What T.V. show do you love to binge watch?
Star Trek Voyager

What can’t you leave your house without?
My iPod. Yes, I still use one for music.

Have you always dreamt about working with plants?
I still do since I’m technically not paid to work with them. If The Sill comes to Toronto, please hire me!

Darryl in his element!

Darryl in his element!

Can you explain what the House Plant Journal is and how it started? 
House Plant Journal is the result of my love for photography and house plants. The thing I love most about plants is how they grow and become a long-term friend (well, most of them). I started documenting my plant hobby on Tumblr because it was easy to use its tagging system to find my photos on a particular topic: I still frequently refer to them when I get asked questions like “how do you propagate pothos?” or “what did your monstera look like when you first got it?” I just wanted a reference to my personal experiences with house plants. I moved to Instagram to share my more artistic photos, “plant art”, and time-lapse videos. More recently, I started a blog where I hope to instill the very basics of house plant care. I’ve also started a Youtube channel but I’m having difficulty finding time to shoot and edit videos these days.

Darryl's Houseplants

Darryl’s Houseplants

Do you have any tips for aspiring plant parents that you can share?
This mostly applies to indoor tropical foliage plants:
– If you want to keep a plant alive for a few weeks: you must give it adequate light and water.
– If you want to keep a plant alive for a few months: you must aerate the soil.
– If you want to keep a plant alive for a few years: you must repot and refresh the soil.

Plant Portrait

Plant Portrait

What’s your coolest plant find?
During a trip in Hong Kong, I spent an afternoon wandering their Flower Market district – 2 blocks of plant shops! It was really cool to see all the different varieties of plants their suppliers provide. I found many cool plants but I’d say the coolest would have to be three intertwined blades of a type of snake plant I had never seen before (photo below). Unfortunately, plants are strictly controlled items and I would never have been able to bring any home to Canada.


Snake Plant in Hong Kong flower market

Your Instagram feed is so inspiring! What is your favorite picture that you have ever posted?
Thanks! In fact, I should thank @thesill for twice featuring my photos! My favorite photo would have to be the ones of my plant shelf (photo below). The landing of my stairway receives so much bright indirect light from my skylight, it seemed a waste not to have some kind of shelving system just for plants. I know I’m very fortunate to have such ideal lighting for plants, which is why I share it often. (P.S. Check out Darryl’s Instagram feed here!)


Darryl’s plant shelf makes use of vertical space

How many plants do you own?
I would estimate 100 to 120 if you combine my home, office, and church plants.

When did your love for plants begin?
I’ve helped my mom in the garden since I was a child but it wasn’t until we moved into our current house, which features two large skylights – that’s when I went plant-crazy indoors. I love to see new growth and flowering – signs that a plant is happy living in my home.

Time for a drink

Time for a drink

What plant would you recommend for a person with a super busy schedule?
Sansevieria – they look good without much attention (photos below); they tolerate completely dry soil; they don’t need too much sunlight.


Darryl’s impressive Sansevieria (snake plant) collection


Cylindrical Snake Plant close up

What is on your to-do list today?
Survey my jungle to see which plants need water or other attention. Honestly, it’s impossible for me to keep any kind of watering schedule but it’s a testament to the notion that you should be watering the plant whenever it needs and not by adhering to a schedule (great tip!). I need to queue up my next few Instagram posts. Sometimes I’ll even type out the captions beforehand – I put a lot of thought into some of them!

What is your favorite plant at the moment? 
Snake plants – I’ve been collecting different varieties as I find them.

Bookmark these links, immediately: 
– House Plant Journal Blog
– House Plant Journal on Instagram
– House Plant Journal on Youtube


P.S. Think you or someone you know would be a great fit for our Tastemaker series? Shoot us an email at info@thesill.com – or tweet us @TheSill


#PlantsMakePeopleHappy, Behind The Scenes, Interview

Pyramid Consulting Group

September 30, 2016

A guest post by our client Pyramid Consulting Group

The Olmsted with Sansevieria and The Calvert with Succulent

The Olmsted with Sansevieria and The Calvert with Succulent

We spend more time in the office then we do in our homes, so why not make it a beautiful place to be? We first discovered The Sill at an event hosted by one of our clients – we are a nationwide staffing firm – and knew we needed to have these little gems at Pyramid Consulting Group. Each set of plants contributes to the aesthetic of our work environment. For example, the Philodendron in our waiting room adds a personal touch to the minimalist, fashion-forward appearance. And the set of succulents and drought-tolerant plants that fill our conference rooms make them more comfortable and colorful! Our candidates always comment on how much they like them; it’s a great conversation starter.

The Ezra with Haworthia and The August with Pothos

The Ezra with Haworthia and The August with Pothos

Our recruiters and client owners love giving The Sill plants as gifts and have seen the appreciation in return. In fact, our Account Director, Ashlie Berardocco, remarks: “One of my favorite gifts to give clients is The Sill! We can rest assured that the tiny, yet classic plants are reminders of the business relationship we have ‘grown’ every time they look at their desks!” Our clients outside of NYC aren’t left out either, since The Sill ships nationwide our clients from San Francisco to Miami have the pleasure of having a Sill plant on their desk.

The Sill Potted Plants

The Sill Potted Plants

Not only does The Sill have a great product that we love but they, like Pyramid Consulting Group, are a women-owned business. We love supporting local NYC companies and it sweetens the deal knowing that Eliza and her team are total plant rockstars. We’re so excited to continue our relationship with The Sill, and hope to help add a bit of greenery to everyone’s office!

P.S. Check our Pyramid Consulting Group’s Instagram here

#PlantsMakePeopleHappy, Plant Care

Happy National Coffee Day!

September 29, 2016

Meet the Coffea arabica


Coffea arabica is a flowering plant whose seeds – aka coffee beans – are used to make coffee beverages and products. It was originally indigenous to the forests of the mountainous regions of Ethiopia and Yemen – and is believed to be the first species of coffee to be cultivated! Coffea arabica accounts for almost 80% of the world’s coffee production. According to legend, coffee cultivation began in Ethiopia after goats and birds were seen eating the leaves and fruits of the coffee tree.

If you want to keep a little coffee plant in your home all you need is a spot with bright direct light and the ability to water once to twice a week (let your soil dry out completely in-between waterings). And if you’re hoping to cultivate your coffee plant’s beans? Here’s how.

#PlantPorn, #PlantsMakePeopleHappy, Houseplant Tastemakers, How-to, Plant Care

Fall Plant Care Tips from The Sill team

September 13, 2016

It’s that time of year again… And as the temperature changes outside – your plant care routine should change inside. We know houseplants thrive during the spring and summer, but the real challenge is helping them survive during the fall and winter (when you need them most). 

That’s where we come in. Modify your current plant care routine by following our top seasonal tips below – and check out more Fall Plant Care tips from our expert friends like The Houseplant Guru’s Lisa Eldred Steinkopf and Garden Blogger Benjamin Thorton in our fall plant care series. 

Fall Plant Care Tips & Tricks – The Sill

– Move Indoors 

If you moved any of your plants outside for the summer, it’s time to bring them back indoors before it gets too chilly (before nighttime temperatures dip below 50 degrees F). Keep in mind they might have picked up a few pesky friends during their summer vacation – so check your plants carefully for pests before bringing them inside. Even if you don’t see anything, give your plants a good but gentle hose down. And if you want to be extra cautious, which definitely doesn’t hurt, spray your plant’s leaves with a generous amount of diluted neem oil, an organic vegetable oil and natural pesticide. It can be a bit smelly – so we recommend doing this outside if possible.


Remember it’s OK to ditch some plants outside, too. Consider the health of each plant before bringing it back inside your home or office. If a plant has struggled to survive outdoors, bringing it indoors to less than ideal conditions like low humidity and dry heat will likely cause it to get worse. Add it to the compost pile.

– Potentially Repot 

For most plants, spring and summer is when you’ll see the most new growth. Some of your plants will have increased dramatically in size – maybe they’ve even outgrown their current pots and need to be repotted. Plan to have some fresh potting soil and new planters on hand just incase. First time repotting? Don’t fret! See our step-by-step Repotting 101 Guide (with photos!) on Refinery29.

– Dust Leaves

Like dust accumulates on your bookshelf, it also accumulates on the porous surfaces of your houseplant. Lightly dust off leaves and stems with a damp cloth every week or so. Accumulated dust on leaves plug their pores – making it difficult for plants to “breathe” and conduct photosynthesis. Also give your windows a good wash (if possible). The more light that can shine in and reach your plants – especially as the days get shorter – the better.


– Increase Humidity

Indoor humidity levels drop considerably during the fall as buildings fire up their heating systems. This can be devastating for houseplants, considering most common varieties are tropical in origin. Try to mist your plants weekly, or invest in a humidifier (your skin will thank you, too!). And remember to never place potted plants next to, or on top of, a heating system – or in the line of a cold draft (i.e. a window you’ll open regularly come winter). These extreme changes in temperature will cause serious stress to your plants.

Consider grouping plants together that require similar care. Not only is it aesthetically pleasing, but it’s an easy way to increase humidity levels.

– Maintain Light

The angle of the sun changes considerably with the season, so pay close attention as fall settles in. Some plants might require a new location – i.e. a spot closer to the windowsill – to receive close to the same amount of sun as they did during the summer. In addition, rotate your plants every week or two so they receive light on all sides.


– Forgo Fertilizer

Foliage growth slows down considerably during the fall and winter months, so you can withhold from using any fertilizer until next spring, which is the start of the growth season.

– Water Less

This is one of the most important tips to follow – but cautiously. Because the growth rate of plants is considerably slower in the fall and winter, your plants might not require as much water as they did during the spring and summer. You could find yourself watering half, or even two-thirds, less frequently. For example, that snake plant might find itself thirsty once every six weeks, instead of every three weeks. It is important to keep in mind though how dramatically drier the air might be – so even if your houseplant might require more infrequent waterings, it might also require more humidity. A good rule of thumb is to check your plants regularly. If the soil is bone dry – it’s time to water. And make sure to always use tepid water – a freezing cold shower can shock your plants.


– Get Creative 

If you don’t have set spots for each of your houseplants, enjoy moving them around your space until you reach your desired look. Just make sure each plant is receiving the recommended light it needs to thrive – and isn’t in the line of a draft or vent. If you’re unsure what type of light your plant requires, shoot us an email at help@thesill.com or tweet us at @TheSill.

Fall is also a great time to work on checking off some tasks on your design wish list. If you always dreamed of installing floating shelves, or ceiling hooks, now is the time. Just make sure they’re sturdy enough to hold your houseplant after a thorough watering, which will make them heavier overall. Your trailing houseplants, like pothos and philodendrons, will thank you.


#PlantsMakePeopleHappy, Behind The Scenes, Houseplant Tastemakers, How-to, Plant Care

Fall Plant Care Tips from Ben Thorton

September 13, 2016

In the second installment of our Fall Plant Care series – we’re featuring the fall plant care tips and tricks of owner and editor of T5fixtures, Ben Thorton. Ben is a Philadelphia resident, garden blogger, and avid gardener & grow light enthusiast. 


My Fall Plant Care – Ben Thorton

I have been passionate about gardening as long as I can remember. However, I recall dreading the fall season because it meant I would have to stop gardening outdoors for quite some time. Luckily, I found indoor gardening – which allowed me to have plants no matter the weather. I started with a few plants on my windowsill, but now I have a full garden in my home so I can satisfy my craving. Growing plants is my ‘drug’ of choice, and I don’t intend to drop the habit any time soon. Hi, my name is Ben – and I am a gardenaholic…

It’s September so fall is basically here. Fall brings with it changes in weather and changes in plant care. The weather outside cools down, the heat indoors is cranked up, and the sunlight hours become noticeably shorter. So I’m sharing my top tips below for caring for your houseplants once the fall season comes.


When it comes to watering your plants it really depends on two things: 1) the type of plant it is, and 2) the environmental conditions in the space the plant is located.


Usually in the winter the air indoors is dry and warm, thanks to heaters that are running on full blast to heat our homes, so plants that love humid conditions and a lot of water will have to watered quite a bit more. On the opposite side of the spectrum are plants that like dry and hot conditions, for example now trending succulents, so if you are growing these plants, then make sure you don’t overwater them and you let then enjoy the climate you have in your house.

Overall, the best plan of action for watering your plants in any season really is to check the soil and go from there. If the soil is still moist, the plan doesn’t need water yet, but if the soil is dry, then it might be time to quench the plant’s thirst.


Probably the biggest thing in fall and winter plant care is light, since in this time period the days are shorter and the weather is often overcast, which doesn’t allow for much natural sunlight. For the colder seasons I would suggest placing your plants as close to the window as possible – so they can soak up the little light there is during the day. However, if that is not possible in your situation, then you might want to think about adding artificial grow lights, like T5 lighting, for those plants that especially love the sun.



As I mentioned before, dry air comes with the territory of indoor gardening during fall, winter, and spring. But since not all plants thrive in dry conditions – it might be worth it to employ a humidifier around your plants, or to place a bowl of water in all of the rooms where you have houseplants to help increase the humidity. And a bonus – air that is humid also is better for your health! Did you know bacteria and viruses have a harder time to travel through air when it is humid?



And lastly, I wanted to talk a little about the nutrients and fertilization that plants can benefit from during the darker months of the year. Essentially nutrients are plant food and since in the fall, winter, and spring plants get a little less light and maybe not as favorable of growing conditions, it might be a good idea to give your plants extra nutrients to facilitate their growth. If you decide to go this route, I would suggest buying a fertilizer that is specially meant for indoor houseplants because these fertilizers have the right nutrients in them that plants growing indoors could lack. When it comes to deciding on naturally or chemically made fertilizer, it really depends on your preference. I usually choose the more natural fertilizers because they are less likely to shock your plants and stunt their growth. As for how often you should fertilize your plants, I would say around once time a month.

P.S. Find more Fall Plant Care tips here.


#PlantPorn, #PlantsMakePeopleHappy, How-to, Plant Care, Plant of The Month, Style Tips

Meet the Kokedama

September 7, 2016

A traditional Japanese art form, kokedama 苔玉 translates to ‘moss ball’ in English.  Sometimes referred to as ‘the poor man’s bonsai’ – wet Akadama (or bonsai) soil and peat moss are mixed together and molded around the exposed roots of the plant.  The ball is then covered in sheet moss and wrapped with string.  You can hang a kokedama by string or twine – or go a more traditional route and set it in a bowl or on a plate.


The Kokedama art form dates back to the Edo Period in Japan, around 1600 A.D., under the Tokugawa shogunate (the last feudal Japanese military government).  During this Confucian-inspired regime, the country was run by military shoguns who cut off contact with the outside world (except for a few trading ports), and traditionalism was venerated.  In this society, artists were officially denigrated as lower class, and the arts were not a priority to the shoguns, although the prosperity during the era helped to keep the arts flourishing.  It is not clear why or how the kokedama originated during this time period, but it became a part of the bonsai tradition. 

It is traditionally thought that the moss around the root ball is a metaphor for the permanence of the emperors’ rule, as mentioned in Japan’s national anthem: “May your reign continue for a thousand, eight thousand generations, until the pebbles grow into boulders lush with moss.”  Besides the moss-wrapping, to help the rootball hold moisture and keep its round shape, the kokedama is quite flexible in that almost any plant may be used.  However, plants that enjoy going from soaked to dry are preferred.  Everything from ferns to begonias to actual bonsai trees have been used to create kokedamas. How cool is that? 

Shop The Sill: The Kokedama

With your choice of Bird’s Nest Fern or Staghorn Fern plant. Ships nationwide.

Visit The Sill Shop: Kokedama Workshop

Make your own kokedama September 15th or 22nd at The Sill Shop NYC. Ticket required.

Kokedama copy

Kokedama Plant Care


Bright indirect light.  No direct sun.  (Direct sun is only recommended if you plan on using an orchid, and can soak it every other day – species dependent). 


Water bi-weekly for most plants. For ferns, do not let the kokedama dry out completely.  This may mean watering every day or every other day, depending on your house conditions.  Water by soaking the kokedama’s moss-covered rootball for 15 minutes or until completely saturated, then give a gentle squeeze, and let drip dry.  It should be moist.  If the kokedama is left too dry, your plant will wilt, and the moss will turn brown.  Help moss stay green with a daily misting. 


Any humidity level will do, although more humid is preferred.  Normal room humidity is fine, although leaves may wilt and burn if the air is too dry.


65°F-85°F (18°C-30°C). It’s best not to let its environment go below 60°F (15°C).


Varies. Depends on the plant used.  

Birds Nest Fern_Kokedama_TheSill_1


May get fungus gnats from the perpetual moistness.  Treat with neem oil as necessary.


Symptom: Leaves turning brown and crispy at leaf edges; dead moss
Cause: Under watered, high salts in water, low humidity, or potassium deficiency

Symptom: Leaves with brown large spots
Cause: Fungal infection of leaves.  Do not mist or let water touch the leaves

Symptom: Yellowing, possible black stems or buds
Cause: Rot or root disease; overwatering

Symptom: Dropping leaves
Cause: Many possible causes.  Drafts, temperature shifts, light changes, not enough light, or other problems listed above.


Best practice is always to keep houseplants out of reach of small children and pets.